Committee: Political

Question of: Universal Extradition

Submitted by: Venezuela

Defining extradition as the surrender by one state to another a person accused or convicted of a crime,

Aware that extradition treaties already exist between many countries and are used regularly for the transportation of suspected criminals across borders,

Concerned that these treaties do not yet include all member states,

Criticising member states who have committed abductions when normal extradition procedures are ignored, notably the USA (1950, 1990), Israel (1960, 1986, 2011), South Korea (1967), Turkey (1999) and Egypt (2005),

Noting that nations’ sovereignty suggests that they have the responsibility for all persons within their territory,

Believing that this means that nations wish to protect people from the death sentence, torture, and other human rights abuses,

Disturbed by the long and convoluted process of extradition in many nations due to the array of differing legal systems involved,

Congratulating nations who already have open and transparent extradition processes with a wide number of other member states;

  1. Calls for a universal extradition agreement between all member states which follows the usual caveats;
    1. dual criminality: the crime of which the suspect is accused must be a crime in both nations,
    2. death sentence: a nation will not extradite a suspect to a nation in which they might face the death penalty,
    3. human rights abuses: a nation will not extradite a suspect to a nation in which the might face human rights abuses including torture and degrading treatment,
  2. Further calls for some other restrictions upon extradition to be lifted within this agreement;
    1. the barring of extradition of suspects of political crimes,
    2. the barring of extradition of citizens from their home nations,
  3. Recommends the creation of the Global Extradition Authority (GEA) a committee which meets weekly;
  4. Proclaims that the purpose of this NGO will be to;
    1. review each case and to determine whether the conditions of extradition as laid out in Clause 1 are met,
    2. maintain a list of prison facilities and standards across nations, and
    3. maintain a database of national laws and juridical procedures, in order to
    4. facilitate extraditions worldwide,
  5. Solemnly affirms that the GEA will be responsible for informing the International Criminal Court of nations who are in breach of this resolution;
  6. Declares accordingly that all extradition requests should be sent through the GEA to await approval;
  7. Designates the GEA as the provider of all travel arrangements and security for extraditions;
  8. Confirms that the costs of GEA sessions and extraditions will be met by the country requesting the extradition.

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