Committee: Human Rights

Question of: The Use of Torture

Submitted by: Somalia

Deeply conscious of the fact that torture is still prevalent throughout many member states and that corporal punishment is legal in several member states’ judiciary,

Bearing in mind Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that no person shall be subjected to torture in any form,

Aware of the importance of using this as a guideline when discussing the question of the use of torture,

Taking into consideration that the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT) has not been ratified by many Member States,

Noting with regret the inefficiency of the National Prevention Mechanism scheme within many member states,

  1. Requests that all countries that have not done so sign and ratify the OPCAT protocol, in order to prevent and reduce the use of torture in all member states;
  2. Calls for the creation of the UN Committee for the Obstruction of the Use of Torture on Humans (UNCOUTH), which will act in the following ways;
    1. launch the Torture Enquiry Scheme (TES) which will work in conjunction with the government of member states to investigate the frequency and severity of alleged cases of torture within member states,
    2. submit an annual report to the Human Rights Council on cases of torture,
    3. offer advice to governing bodies on how to best prevent torture within their own states,
  3. Recommends that all governing bodies prohibit the sale and manufacturing of instruments of torture within their own states;
  4. Calls for the standardisation of prison systems according to the UN regulations to be drafted on passing of this resolution, including;
    1. definitions of Low, Medium, High and Maximum security prisons,
    2. standardised treatment of prisoners at each of these levels,
    3. training of prison guards and other staff to ensure that the standards of treatment are in accordance with said UN regulations,
    4. standardised level of living conditions, in accordance with Article 25 of the UDHR,
  5. Urges that the UN increase funding to the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT), in order to aid and improve their health-based torture.

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