|Republic of South Sudan|
|Head of State:||Salva Kiir Mayardit|
|UN Member State|
The Southern area of Sudan was granted its independence on 9th July 2011. The newly elected government of Sudan promised a referendum as one of the conditions of their office in 2005, and this vote took place in 2009. With one of the highest turnouts for any such vote, and with the largest majority voting in favour of separation, the country of South Sudan was created. In a ceremony in July 2011, the United Nations Secretary-General Ban-Ki Moon recognised the state as a member of the United Nations alongside Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir.
In the time between the referendum and the division of the countries, much tension has existed between Sudan and South Sudan, notably about the placement of boarders, the sharing of the country's wealth (much of which exists in the form of oil in the south) and the notion of citizenship.