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Republic of Nicaragua
Flag of Nicaragua
Geography
Continent: South America
Capital: Managua
People
Population: 6 million
Government: Democratic Republic
Head of State: Daniel Ortega
Other Information
Language: Spanish
Religion: Christianity
Established: 1821
Affiliation
UN Member State
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Nicaragua is a lush country in Central America. Like its neighbours Honduras to the North and Costa Rica to the South, Nicaragua is home to many diverse ecosystems. The country is given the name "The Land of Lakes and Volcanoes" by its ingigenous inhabintants, as the mountain range that runs the length of the country is a very active part of the Pacifc Rim. The largest of the country's lakes, Lake Nicaragua, covers 8,264 square kilometers and as such dominates the Western Pacific coast.

Politically, the country is divided up into 17 smaller sections, known as departments. The larger two 'Región Autónoma Atlántico Norte' and 'Región Autónoma Atlántico Sur' on the Caribbean coast are largely autonomous, but not densely populated. Their most recent constitution, reformed in 1995 grants extensive powers to the National Assembly, including their power to overturn the President's Veto.

Despite declaring their independance from Spain in 1821, the country has often been taken over by various other states, whether officially or unoficially. Parts of the country have, at times, belonged to the United Kingdom, Honduras, Mexico and the United States.

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