|Islamic Republic of Mauritania|
|Head of State:||Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz|
|Established:||28 November 1960|
|UN Member State|
Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in Western Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, by Senegal on the southwest, by Mali on the east and southeast, by Algeria on the northeast, and by the Morocco-controlled Western Sahara on the northwest. It is named after the Roman province of Mauretania, even though the modern state covers a territory far to the southwest of the old province. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast.
The civilian government of Mauritania was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, General Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.
In Mauritania about 20% of the population live on less than US $1.25 per day.
Funny Fact: Mauritania was one of the last countries in the world to officially abolish slavery. It passed a law prohibiting slavery in 1981. Slavery in Mauritania was mainly by Mauritanian Arabs enslaving indigenous black Mauritanians.