|Capital:||Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E|
|Head of State:||Mario Monti (PdL)|
|Established:|| Unification 17 March 1861
Republic 2 June 1946
|UN Member State|
Italy, "paese di santi, poeti e navigatori", was the basis of our modern culture as it used Ancient Greece's knowledge and culture to develop a more modern way of writing, communicating and expressing their new ideas.