Committee: Ecology and Environment

Question of: Impact of Emerging Industrialised States

Submitted by: India

Recalling the Greenhouse Gas Protocol as the most widely used tool for government and business leaders to understand and manage greenhouse gases,

Acknowledging the fact that India’s current rapid industrialization has affected it’s emission of greenhouse gases,thus, recognizing India reaching a stage in development where its maximum rate of industrial development leads to maximum resource consumption,

Deeply concerned with the consequences of sustained sufficient amounts of greenhouse gases emitted in the atmosphere causing climate change that could lead to catastrophic environmental damage such as floods,

Reaffirming the seventh of the millennium goals to ensure environmental sustainability,

Emphasizing the importance of the global impacts emerging industrialized states have on the environment highlighting the cooperation of Member States to commit the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions permitting a sustainable environment,

1. Expresses its hope that nations can take responsibility and work together in the future to ensure the gradual reduction of the emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere through renewable energy sources, restraints on company’s pollutants as well as carbon trading and offsetting;
2. Calls for financially stable nations to contribute to financial support of organizations to promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions;
3. Draws the attention that the government of India pledged that 20% of their energy would come from renewable resources by 2020, 15 % of India’s annual GHG emissions would be taken up by forests by 2030 and it’s emissions per capita would always remain below those of the now-industrialized countries;
4. Recommends the reinforcement of the Kyoto Protocol where all nations have to meet the demands of the agreement taking into consideration high pollutant countries such as the USA who contribute to a third of global emissions;
5. Suggests that economic sanctions could be imposed of those who fail to meet the stated 5% decrease in pollutant;
6. Further Requests to introduce a carbon trading scheme whereby reduction of emissions isn’t forced by country to country but spend money to cover the coasts of cutting emissions, or continue polluting and pay someone else to cut their pollution. The Kyoto protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), for example allows developed countries to gain emissions credits for financing projects based in developing countries;
7. Encourages carbon offsetting reducing the emissions of carbon dioxide of greenhouse gases made in order to compensate for or offset an emission made elsewhere. An offset inclusive carbon reduction programme is an immediate and cost-effective way to meet pressure by setting and meeting stretching carbon reduction targets and preparing for increasing regulation as carbon becomes an increasingly costly.

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