Committee: Ecology and Environment

Question of: Drilling for Underground Water in Africa

Submitted by: Greece

Concerned by the death rate of 8,000 Africans per day through drinking polluted water,

Alarmed by the 40 billion hours per year Sub-Saharan African people loses in collecting water,

Taking note that the continent of Africa is sitting on a vast reservoir of groundwater in underground aquifers, holding 100 times the amount found on the surface,

Fully aware that widespread drilling of large wells to tap these hidden resources could rapidly deplete the aquifers,

Observing that slower means of extraction can be more efficient through careful planning,

Believing fully that careful exploration and construction of drilling equipment can lead to sufficient groundwater under Africa to support high yielding water supplies for drinking and irrigation for crops,

1. Requests that large-scale drilling projects in Africa should be stopped immediately as it could potentially harm the environment in terms of destabilizing the rocks of Africa and in turn cause natural disasters such as earthquakes;
2. Recommends that drilling companies should comply with these following procedures before conducting the drilling projects;
3. Suggests carrying out further studies and tests to investigate the potential harm to the environment drilling could cause;
4. Writing a report which entails the results from these tests and presenting it to the UN for an official approval of the drilling project;
5. Further recommends engineers representing each country should create a body under the UN, whose sole purpose is to research and develop a technology which will make the drilling equipment as safe as possible to the environment;
6. Urges the use of appropriately sited and developed boreholes for low yielding rural water supply and hand pumps to be built temporarily as the green drilling technology is developed;
7. Expresses its hope that member states will invest money and time in Africa to solve its water shortage problems in order to:
(a) save the lives and time of Africans wasted due to collecting and drinking dirty water,
(b) help solve their irrigation system and boost their agricultural sector in the long run,
(c) establish a better trade relationship with Africa in the future;
8. Congratulates the work of NGOs such as Water Aid that has helped raise international awareness on this important issue and hopes that their heroic efforts will encourage more NGOs to be set up;
9. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

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