Committee: Environment

Question of: Climate Change

Submitted by: Brazil

Fully believing that climate change is an issue affecting every single nation in the world;

Acknowledging Brazil’s duty towards the climate as one of the world’s ten largest economies;

Declaring that Brazil’s carbon emissions per capita are one eleventh of those of the United States despite this;

Emphasising that Brazil is home to the world’s largest and most fragile ecosystem as well as some of the most comprehensive research into climate change in recent decades;

Noting that problems with climate change permeates into other areas such as a decrease in rainfall leading to a diminished supply of hydroelectricity;

Further noting that a rise in global temperature has been shown to cause a rise in the voracity of disease transmitting mosquitoes;

Believing that not enough is being done in the world to reduce the rate of climate change;

Convinced that fuel consumption is the largest factor in the accumulation of greenhouse gasses and its contribution to climate change;

Capable of demonstrating that a reliance on fossil fuels is not the same as economic viability;

Citing the success of the Brazilian Energy Initiative (2002) in reducing the impact on the climate of countries in Latin America and the Caribbean;

  1. Avows to provide expertise in the field of renewable energy sources to all nations of the world at a discounted price;
  2. Supports an increase in the use of sugarcane ethanol as a fuel for automobiles;
  3. Further supports an increase in the number of wind, hydroelectric, solar, tidal, and wave power stations worldwide;
  4. Calls for a change in national legislative procedures to make it easier for renewable sources of energy and fuel to be implemented within member states;
  5. Declares that a focus for members of the United Nations should be a reduction of the reliance on non-renewable energy sources of;
    1. ten per cent within five years,
    2. twenty per cent within nine years,
    3. thirty per cent within twelve years,
    4. forty per cent within fourteen years,
  6. Urges that economic sanctions be placed upon nations failing to comply with these targets;
  7. Calls for subsidies from the United Nations to be provided over five years to nations or companies that;
    1. make continuous progress towards transferring non-renewable sources to renewable sources,
    2. successfully lower their carbon emissions by one per cent per year,
    3. provide their own initiatives and structures to help with the continued progress in this area after the five years have elapsed,
  8. Affirms that clause 7 will not impinge upon any nation’s prerogative for economic expansion.

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